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Nomenclature

There is no written proof why the district headquarter is known as Kupwara. However there are some legends about it. It is said there was a hut, constructed by somebody in the nearby jungle. It was known as Kopar ( hut in shambles) because accidents often took place there .Some times the  animals rolled down and sometimes these were killed by the wild beasts. The habitations was named after the same Kopar. Some elders say that the famous saint, Zaiti Shah Wali called the habitation  Ko-pore (people of bad reputation) because the children of this habitation used to throw stones on him when he passed through it Others say the famous Saint Syed Mohammad Gabi, whose tomb is in the heart of Kupwara, called it Kuferwari (the place of non-believers ). Later on he converted the people to Islam by his preachings, thus Kupwara is the modified and changed name of Ko-por or Kuferwari. However , it is mostly believed that there was a hut on the hill, in front of presently existing Higher Secondary School Kupwara known as koh-nar or the hut constructed in the jungle. The same hut has given it the name Kopore.

Background

 District Kupwara was originally part of erstwhile undivided district Baramulla. District Kupwara was carved out of district Baramulla in July 1979. Kupwara town was chosen as district headquarter. This lovely district is located in the extreme north-west of Kashmir valley. Its northern and western borders form the line of control between India and Pakistan and eastern and southern borders touch Sopore, Bandipore and Baramulla Tehsils. Famous river Kishan Ganga separates Pakistan occupied Kashmir and Jammu and Kashmir in Machil, Keran and Teetwal areas. People of this district have a painful experience of partition of India and unnatural division of the state . There are numerous examples whereby the LOC  separates brothers from sisters, sons from mothers, wives from husbands and kiths and kin's. The trauma of the separation is still very painful.

Coordinates

 The district is located between 34.18 to 34.47 North Latitude and 73.45 to 74.3 East Longitude.

Introduction

Kupwara is the backward frontier District of Kashmir Valley, full of scenic beauty. Dense  forests and rich wild life make it significant from tourism and wildlife point of view. Nature has been very kind to Kupwara. District Kupwara was carved out form erstwhile District Baramulla in the year 1979. The District Headquarter "Kupwara" is situated at a distance of 90 kms from the summer capital of state, i.e. Srinagar. The District is situated at an average altitude of 5300 feet from the sea level.  The geographical area of the District is 2379 sqkms The north west part of the District is bound by line of actual control  (L.O.C)) while the southern portion is bound by the District Baramulla. There are three bad pocket areas, namely, Machil, Keran and Karnah located near L.O.C which remain land locked for more than six months in a year. There are some other areas located at barbed distances and remain cut off from District Headquarter for a considerable time, like Kumkadi, Lashdat, Jumgund, Kethanwali and Budnambal. Tehsils: District Kupwara Consists of 15 Tehsils that include Karnah, Keran, Kralpora, Machil, Trehgam, Kupwara, Drugmulla, Lalpora, Sogam, Handwara, Langate, Qaziabad Kralgund, Zachaldara, Villagam and Ramhall Tarathpora. Blocks: District Kupwara consists of 24 Rural Developments Blocks that include Drugmulla, Handwara, Hirri Qadirabad, Hyhama, Kalarooch, Keran, Kralpora, Kupwara, Langate, Machil, Magam, Qalamabad, Meelyal, Natnussa, Qaziabad, Rajwar, Ramhal, Reddi Chowkibal, Sogam, Tangdhar, Teethwal, Tarathpora, Tregham and Wavoora